KWANGJU UPRISING PDF

It has the status of a metropolitan city under the direct control of the central government, with administrative status equal to that of a province. KwangjuKwangju, S. Nesnad The city has been a centre of trade and of local administration since the Three Kingdoms period c. Modern industries, including cotton textiles, breweries, and rice mills, began with the building of a railway from Seoul in From , with the construction of an industrial zone centring on an automobile factory, the city grew rapidly. Developments included storage and processing facilities for agricultural products.

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As noted in a report issued by the Martial Law Command, the students and "hot-blooded young soldiers" confronted each other, angry citizens joined in, driven by alleged rumors that the "soldiers of Kyongsang Province origin came to exterminate the seeds of the Cholla people. It heightened provincial hostility and marked the beginning of the rise of anti-American sentiment in South Korea.

According to the report, the sequence of events was triggered by student demonstrations on the morning of May 18 in defiance of the new edict. Some Chonnam University students began demonstrating in the morning and by P. City police were unable to control the crowd.

At about P. The report did not mention it, but the paratroopers killed a large number of people. On May 20, some 10, people demonstrated in Kwangju. On May 21, the Special Forces were withdrawn and the city was left to the rioters.

A memorial service was held on May 24, with approximately 15, citizens in attendance. On May 25, approximately 50, people gathered for a rally and adopted a resolution calling for the abolition of martial law and the release of Kim Dae Jung.

A committee of leading citizens was organized on May 23 to try to settle the impasse, but "impure elements" and "maneuverers behind the scene" allegedly obstructed an effective solution. On May 27, at A. After light skirmishes, the army quashed the revolt in less than two hours. The army arrested 1, rioters, of whom were detained for investigation.

The uprising started with student demonstrations. The Martial Law Command dispatched assault troops whose random killings angered citizens who had not participated in the initial student demonstrations. According to later reports by the command, nearly persons were killed, including 22 soldiers and 4 policemen; of the civilians killed, only 17 died on the final day of assault.

And, regardless of who spread the "wanton rumors," they evidently were credible enough to prompt the gathering of 50, Kwangju citizens. Chun, touring the city after the revolt had ended, told the people of Kwangju not to make an issue of what had happened, but to learn from it. The specter of Kwangju, however, was to haunt him for years to come. There were several aftereffects resulting from the Kwangju incident. It deepened the chasm that had existed between the Kyongsang provinces from which Park and Chun originated and the Cholla provinces, of which Kwangju is a capital and from which the opposition leader Kim Dae Jung came.

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Kwangju Uprising

As noted in a report issued by the Martial Law Command, the students and "hot-blooded young soldiers" confronted each other, angry citizens joined in, driven by alleged rumors that the "soldiers of Kyongsang Province origin came to exterminate the seeds of the Cholla people. It heightened provincial hostility and marked the beginning of the rise of anti-American sentiment in South Korea. According to the report, the sequence of events was triggered by student demonstrations on the morning of May 18 in defiance of the new edict. Some Chonnam University students began demonstrating in the morning and by P. City police were unable to control the crowd. At about P. The report did not mention it, but the paratroopers killed a large number of people.

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Gwangju Uprising

Nearly a quarter of a million people participated in the rebellion. Although it was brutally repressed and initially unsuccessful in bringing about democratic reform in South Korea , it is considered to have been a pivotal moment in the South Korean struggle for democracy. After the country was governed for a brief period by a parliamentary system , a military coup led by Gen. Park Chung-Hee displaced the government in May Park became president the following year and remained in office for the next 18 years. In December he introduced the Yushin Constitution, which dramatically increased presidential powers and created a virtual dictatorship. When Park was assassinated on October 26, , a power void resulted that was filled by Chun Doo-Hwan , a brigadier general who had taken control of the South Korean military through an internal coup.

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Learn how and when to remove this template message Blockade of Gwangju, and further atrocities[ edit ] At this point, all troops retreated to suburban areas to wait for reinforcements. The army blocked all routes and communications leading into and out of the city. Although there was a lull in fighting between militias and the army, more casualties were incurred on May 23 when soldiers fired at a bus that attempted to break out of the city in Jiwon-dong, killing 17 of the 18 passengers. The following day, soldiers mistook boys swimming in the Wonje reservoir for an attempted crossing and opened fire on them, resulting in one death.

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