Mokranjac and continued his studies in Leipzig —08 where he received instruction in composition from S. Krehl and R. Hofmann, and in conducting from A. Between the two World Wars he contributed to the development of Belgrade musical life as: a founder and the first principal conductor of the Belgrade Philharmonic —34 , conductor at the Belgrade Opera House director —35 , and one of the founders and first professors of the Belgrade Music Academy composition professor —50 and president — The ballet was equally successfully performed during numerous visiting shows in Edinburgh , Athens , Wiesbaden and Salzburg , Geneva and Zurich , Florence and Wien , Cairo , and Barcelona

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On his return from Constantinople, his brilliant intellectual qualities attracted the attention of the government. He soon became known as the most competent of the government officials. He had already become the recognized leader of the Liberal Party. As a politician, he saw all the dangers that would have to be faced should Serbia embark on a policy of land redemption.

The Turkish army, always a formidable fighting force, would overwhelm the Serbs, if it could be wholly massed against them. After the assassination of Prince Mihailo in , he was nominated member of the council of regency, and on 2 January the third Serbian constitution, which was mainly his creation, was promulgated. Later, Old Serbia broke into rebellion, and this was followed by a similar movement in Bulgaria. If Serbia could only act quickly and establish herself in Bosnia - Herzegovina and Old Serbia, it would take time to dislodge her, and meanwhile the example of insurrection would probably spread far and wide over the whole of Turkey in Europe.

Possession is nine points of the law. In that way he gained an international reputation as foreign minister on two important occasions while prosecuting two wars against Turkey: July ; and March and December ; March by promoting an expansionist policy that he hoped would make Serbia the nucleus for a strong South Slav state. While Bulgaria was to obtain frontiers far beyond her wildest dreams, Serbia was to obtain little more than the merest rectification.

This, however, disappointed the Serbians, owing to the obstacles now raised to the realization of the national program. He was forced to resign when he refused to sign a trade agreement with Austria-Hungary that he believed would make Serbia economically dependent on that country. This step and the subsequent conduct of the Liberal politicians caused serious discontent in the country.

On 1 13 April King Alexander, by a successful stratagem, imprisoned the regents and ministers in the palace, and, declaring himself of age, recalled the Radicals to office. He died in Belgrade on September 4, Though cautious and deliberate by temperament, he was a man of strong will and firm character.


Zoran Hristić

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Jovan Ristić


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