Hay factores de agresividad propios del germen. Puede haber semilunas extracapilares, pero suelen ser escasas [39] [40]. Los vasos extraglomerulares no suelen mostrar alteraciones. La hematuria y la proteinuria pueden durar varios meses. Suele ir con hematuria y proteinuria.

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El tratamiento depende del tipo de glomerulonefritis que tengas. When to see a doctor Make an appointment with your doctor promptly if you have signs or symptoms that concern you. A veces, la enfermedad es hereditaria y, otras veces, se desconoce la causa.

Endocarditis bacteriana. Infecciones virales. Enfermedades inmunitarias Lupus. Vasculitis Poliarteritis. Granulomatosis con poliangitis. Glomeruloesclerosis focal y segmentaria.

Infections Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. Glomerulonephritis may develop a week or two after recovery from a strep throat infection or, rarely, a skin infection impetigo. To fight the infection, your body produces extra antibodies that can eventually settle in the glomeruli, causing inflammation. Bacterial endocarditis. Bacteria occasionally can spread through your bloodstream and lodge in your heart, causing an infection of one or more of your heart valves.

Bacterial endocarditis is associated with glomerular disease, but the connection between the two is unclear. Viral infections. Viral infections, such as the human immunodeficiency virus HIV , hepatitis B and hepatitis C, can trigger glomerulonephritis.

Immune diseases Lupus. A chronic inflammatory disease, lupus can affect many parts of your body, including your skin, joints, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs. IgA nephropathy. Characterized by recurrent episodes of blood in the urine, this primary glomerular disease results from deposits of immunoglobulin A IgA in the glomeruli.

IgA nephropathy can progress for years with no noticeable symptoms. Vasculitis Polyarteritis. This form of vasculitis affects small and medium blood vessels in many parts of your body, such as your heart, kidneys and intestines. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Conditions likely to cause scarring of the glomeruli High blood pressure. This can damage your kidneys and impair their ability to function normally. Glomerulonephritis can also lead to high blood pressure because it reduces kidney function and can influence how your kidneys handle sodium.

Diabetic kidney disease diabetic nephropathy. This can affect anyone with diabetes, usually taking years to develop. Good control of blood sugar levels and blood pressure might prevent or slow kidney damage. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Characterized by scattered scarring of some of the glomeruli, this condition can result from another disease or occur for no known reason. Infrequently, chronic glomerulonephritis runs in families. One inherited form, Alport syndrome, also might impair hearing or vision.

In addition to the causes listed above, glomerulonephritis is associated with certain cancers, such as multiple myeloma, lung cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Algunas complicaciones posibles de la glomerulonefritis son: Insuficiencia renal aguda.

Para prevenir infecciones que puedan provocar algunas formas de glomerulonefritis, como el VIH y la hepatitis, sigue las pautas para tener sexo seguro y evita el uso de drogas intravenosas.


Glomerulonefritis postinfecciosa



Glomerulonefritis posinfecciosa


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