In the future, we would like to see captive animals in the US separated by locality, making the population more valuable to conservation. The project requires funding for enclosure design, food, and animal enrichment. With more than 20 animals that need to be housed individually, the need for these items is always there. We are currently in the process of building a Geoemyda spengleri housing system that provides everything they need and allows for keeping 16 adult turtles in individual enclosures. We have sent offspring to AZA institutions and received animals from zoos as well. We also collaborate with researchers and conservationists from around the world in our work with spengleri, including the European Studbook Foundation and researchers in Europe, Asia, and North America.

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Intermediate Captive Habitat If you decide to keep Geoemyda spengleri adults together, it is important to provide multiple hides, sight breaks and water dishes to avoid stress in submissive animals. We keep our G. Adults are only brought together for breeding purposes, which reduces stress and helps the keeper maintain detailed notes on parentage and overall health.

When deciding whether to keep G. A friend of theTurtleRoom recently lost two male G. Individually, housing for G. The tall, opaque walls reduce stress and help maintain humidity. Geoemyda spengeri can be kept with success on a substrate mixture of organic topsoil, peat moss and cypress mulch. The topsoil and cypress mulch retain moisture and helps increase overall humidity of the terrarium, while peat moss lowers ph and wards of mold that may grow in damp areas.

Oak leaves can be used in enclosures to help reduce stress. One would think that a turtle shaped like a leaf would do well in a situation where they could hide amongst fallen leaves. We use clay pot halves or cork bark rounds as hides and various items as water dishes in adult enclosures. Live plants should be incorporated within the enclosure to provide security to the animals, raise the humidity, and help break down waste in the substrate. Many Southeast Asian plants can be found for sale as house plants.

One seasoned G. The importance of UVB is also unknown, as they live under heavy canopy in the wild. Some keepers do not keep their animals with a UVB overhead, while those who do use a UVB source seem to do so for peace of mind.

We use a UVB strip light over all of our G. The enclosure is sprayed daily to maintain humidity. Uneaten food items like earthworms are left to inhabit the enclosure.

We add springtails to our G. These small insects work to break down waste left behind by the turtles. Springtails can be purchased from our friends at NEHerpetoculture. Captive Diet Our animals are fed a mixture of live food, pellets, fruits and a lean meat mixture.

Most often, live prey items like earthworms, crickets, snails, slugs, and pill bugs are appreciated greatly. A mixture of pellets can be offered in a dish with chopped fruit. We prefer to use Mazuri Aquatic Turtle Diet above all other pellets and a variety of fruits are accepted by our adults. Geoemyda spengleri seem to prefer over ripened fruit that is red in color. Strawberries, grapes, blueberries, and tomatoes have all been eaten here. The meat mixture we use is a combination of lean ground turkey meat, chicken feed and vegetables, usually finely chopped carrots.

Temperatures It is widely believed that G. Our adults are left to experience temperatures in a much larger range than that, allowing for nighttime drops and seasonal fluctuations. Temperatures in the mid 90s have been experienced temporarily during the summer and temperatures in the 40s have been experienced temporarily during the winter, both with no ill affect.

We aim to maintain our G. In our experience, when this species is subjected to temperatures below the mid 60s, they slow down greatly, sometimes not moving for weeks. While we are still unsure whether such extreme temperature fluctuations are necessary, we feel that they, coupled with a healthy diet rich in fruit, may play an important role in producing healthy hatchlings.

Breeding and Incubation Breeding in Geoemyda spengleri is relatively straight forward. When kept separately, males will run towards females seconds after introduction. Incubation takes roughly 70 days and can be done so at fluctuating room temperatures.

Many seasoned keepers believe that such fluctuation in incubation temperatures helps to produce larger, stronger hatchlings. It is widely believed that G. TheTurtleRoom breeders have had eggs reach temperatures as high as 92 degrees temporarily with no issues though these temperatures have not been sustained for long periods of time.

It is more likely that prolonged temperature extremes will cause more harm. At this time, a lack of males in the United States, particularly in the U. SSP for this species, has led to many keepers incubating eggs at a lower temperatures. As far as we know, it has not been proven at this time that G. Common Health Issues During the turn of the century, many Geoemyda spengleri were available for incredibly low prices in the United States.

In those early years, this species earned a reputation as being difficult to acclimate. However, once acclimated, this species is a rather easy animal to care for, besides their need for a varied diet consisting of various live food items. Hatchlings are a different story. They are much more fragile, timid and picky than their close relatives, Geoemyda japonica.

Hatchling Captive Habitat We keep our hatchling Geoeymda spengleri in sterilite tubs filled with sphagnum moss and an inch of water. Inside those tubs, the turtles are provided with a vine of pothos ivy to hide under and a half of a plastic plant pot as a hide.

This more aquatic environment is chosen for its ability to maintain a high humidity level. The keeper must select an area for the hatchlings to reside that stays within the high 70s. Hatchling Captive Diet Hatchling Geoeymda spengleri will eat a diet similar to adults. Smaller worms should be selected as moving prey is always much more appreciated.

Pellets and fruit may be offered as well, but pellets may not be eaten and fruit will almost certainly be refused. We chop earthworms into small, manageable pieces for our hatchlings.


Chinesische Zacken-Erdschildkröte

This diminutive terrestrial emydid has been known variously as the Vietnamese leaf turtle, black breasted leaf turtle, Indo-Chinese serrated turtle, scalloped leaf turtle and Vietnamese wood turtle. All of these common names are suitably descriptive, but for the sake of uniformity, Vietnamese leaf turtle or G. Although first described by Gmelin in , very little has subsequently come to light about the natural history or precise geographic distribution of the Vietnamese leaf turtle. Definite records exist for southernmost China and Vietnam Fan, ; Bourret, ; Petzold, and


Black-breasted leaf turtle


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