I mean that they do not know where they are heading, whether in the academic or social sense. These teenagers are not bothered about their studies and it is evident that they are involved in gangsterism. So, who should be blamed for gangsterism? Do we have to put the lame on the parents, teachers or anyone else?

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Abstract: Crime and violence in schools is threatening the well-being of the young people in Malaysia. Gangstersism activities pose a threat to the education system and to all stages of the teaching and learning processes.

The outcome is to propose suggestions to curb and curtail this social issue. Despite national efforts to restore a culture of learning and teaching, incidents of gangsterism, theft, vandalism, burglary, rape and even murder are reported on school grounds. Gangs are not necessarily bad but gangsterism invariably is. The gangsterism issue in Malaysia is a hot topic as gangsterism has been reported frequently by the media in Malaysia.

The study also indicated that students participate in gangsterism because of three main factors- family, living environment, and academic achievement. Gangsterism "contaminates" the school environment and jeopardizes the educational process. There can be serious long-standing effect such as physical, emotional and psychological implications for both teachers and pupils including: distress, reduced self-esteem, risk of depression and suicide, reduced school attendance, impaired concentration, fear and a diminished ability to learn.

WHO, As a social phenomenon, it is important to know that gangsterism is not confined merely to the lower rungs of modern society. Sociologists portray modern gangs as the outcome of certain social circumstances such as unemployment, poverty and lack of self-esteem, which is a controversial and disputable statement.

They operate as mini-communities with their own hierarchies and create a sense of belonging amongst youth in particular. To solve the problem of gangs, they say, you must find solutions to the socio-economic problems of our society Buckley However, this argument does not explain why youth from middle and upper-class homes join gangs and commit crime.

It does not explain the self esteem and status given to gangs by young people who are materially well-off. In this research, the researchers aim to examine the internal psychological process that prompted people into joining gangsterism by conducting in-depth interviews.

At the mean time, the researchers will be looking into some aspects of the causes, effect and creation of gangsterism as well as some of the responses of communities towards gangsterism issue in Malaysia. The objective of this research is 1. To find out the profile of students who are susceptible joiners of gang 3.

To investigate the reasons for participation. In addition, the researchers will be figuring how social influence plays a role in impacting the teenagers. Lastly, the researchers will also examine the responses of communities towards gangsterism while recommending and suggesting an array of productive strategies that can engage educators, parents and communities in an effort to curb and curtail this social issue. Here are the questions proposed to the interviewees: 3. In your own words, what does gangsterism means?

What is your general perception towards gangsters and gangsterism? Have you been confronted by gangsters? If yes, tell us your experience s 4. In your perception, who are the teenagers that are susceptible to join gangsterism? What are the reason s that prompt teenagers into joining gangsterism? In your opinion, what sorts of activities do you associate gangsters with? In your opinion, what are your suggestion s in curbing and curtailing this issue?

Do you think the gangsters should be given a second chance in our society? If yes, why? If no, why? Have you ever considered of joining gangsterism?

At what age did you join gangsterism? What are the things that you were involved in your days as a gangster? To what extent were you involved in gangsterism? What are the reasons that influenced you into joining gangsterism? Do you consider social influence as a most important element that prompted you into joining gangsterism? There are mainly 3 categories of gangsters in Malaysia- Triad gangs, Thug gangs, and school hooligans. Which category do you identify yourself with?

Did gangsterism solve your problem s or was there any benefit obtained from joining gangsterism? What were the consequences of joining gangsterism? Was there a price to pay? How do people non-gangster look at you as a gangster especially your family members, relatives and friends? What made you quit gangsterism and how did you get out of gangsterism? Are you easily accepted by the local community as an ex-gangster?

What advice do you have for teenagers nowadays, in terms of staying out of gangsterism? In your opinion, what actions should be taken in curtailing and curbing gangsterism? Gangsterism is widely discussed as a social issue in Malaysia.

How is the current condition compared to 5 years and 10 years ago? What is your perception s towards this issue? Who are likely to get involved in gangsterism? At what age teenagers are vulnerable or easily influenced into joining gangsterism? Of the many gangsters who were caught by the police, what sort of background do they come from? What are the steps taken by the authorities in curbing this issue? What are the laws that are enacted in relation to this issue?

Such as penalising the gangsters who breached the laws and regulations. What else do you think the police force; Crime Prevention Foundation and Government could do to curb this issue? Share with us some of your experiences in dealing with gangsters. What are the advices you would like to convey to the younger generation who has the thought of joining gangsterism?

According to one of the participants, gangsterism means a group of people doing bad things with bad intention. The school hooligans should be forced into doing community work and charity work rather than just penalizing them. Majority of the participants agreed that ex-gangsters should be given a chance in the society. All of them said that they have never thought of joining gangsterism as they contribute it to the proper upbringing, and the ideal surroundings. Gangsterism took over his life at the age of 15; while he was studying in form 3.

During form 3, most of his friends became gangsters; and his academic achievement was also down the drain. In addition, he offended many people in secondary school.

These factors prompted him into joining gangsterism. When asked about does social influence plays a part in influencing him to join gangsterism, he nodded and agreed. Thilagan identified himself with school hooligans and thug gangs. He recalled there was once he bashed up a schoolmate with a baseball bat for no reasons. However, He fears walking alone without his gangster friends on the street. He quit gangsterism in and since then he has never thought of walking back the same path.

After wasting so many years, he told us it is time to turn over a new leaf and think of the future. Nevertheless, he also considered himself very fortunate to have quitted gangsterism without paying any compensation.

He agreed that gangsterism contaminates the school environment and his advice for juvenile and teenagers is to choose the right friends. He also commented that school should promote more healthy activities co-curriculum. He also thinks that the Crime Prevention Foundation should be more active in imparting knowledge about the severity of this social issue. He joined gangsterism in when he was 16 years old. Nicholas comes from an upper middle-class family and said that the lack of understanding from family members and academic achievement has influenced him into joining gangsterism.

He said they are the ones who listened to him and helped him gain confidence in life. He said his friends who are gangsters were supportive of him being a hair stylist.

After knowing them for few months he decided to join their gang and he began stepping on the wrong path. He considered himself as school hooligan. The main reason he joined Gangsterism is to gain popularity in school and gain confidence in life. He decided to quit gangsterism at the age of 17 after he was flunked out by his secondary school.

He agrees that gangsterism contaminates the learning environment in school and thinks that the school should encourage more participation in co-curriculum activities. He also added that there should be more co-curriculum activities for students to participate in. As for the individual, his advice for teenagers is to stay away from bad company and be strong in will against bad influence. He earns a wage of just enough to support his family. Kelvin was exposed to gangsterism at the age of 13 when he first set foot into secondary school.

His teenage life was surrounded by rage and violence with influence of gangsterism. When he first stepped into Form 1, Kelvin was the target for bullies in his school because he was known as an Indian that could not speak Tamil.

The Indian gangsters found this to be insulting and always use that as an excuse to bully him. Several months later, he was compelled to join a gang in order to protect himself. From then onwards, Kelvin fully associated himself with the gang; and was involved in gang fights.


Gangsterism In Malaysia









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