Original: Jan 15, Carter G. Carter G. Woodson was the second African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard, after W. Du Bois.
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The Woodson family were extremely poor, but proud as both his parents told him that it was the happiest day of their lives when they became free. Nonetheless, through self-instruction, he was able to master most school subjects. However, Woodson, forced to work as a coal miner, was able to devote only minimal time each year to his schooling. In he was selected as the principal of Douglass High School.
He earned his Bachelor of Literature degree from Berea College in Kentucky in by taking classes part-time between and From to , Woodson was a school supervisor in the Philippines. Woodson later attended the University of Chicago , where he was awarded an A.
Du Bois to earn a doctorate. After earning the doctoral degree, he continued teaching in public schools, as no university was willing to hire him, ultimately becoming the principal of the all-black Armstrong Manual Training School in Washington D. Along with William D. Jackson, and James E. Woodson described the purpose of the ASNLH as the "scientific study" of the "neglected aspects of Negro life and history" by training a new generation of blacks in historical research and methodology.
It has never missed an issue, despite the Great Depression , loss of support from foundations, and two World Wars. His experiences at the Y and in the surrounding Bronzeville neighborhood inspired him to create the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in For instance, in , he published the first survey of free black slaveowners in the United States in Du Bois.
Du Bois added the proposal to divert "patronage from business establishments which do not treat races alike," that is, boycott businesses.
Woodson wrote that he would cooperate as one of the twenty-five effective canvassers, adding that he would pay the office rent for one month. In fact, I should welcome such a law suit. It would do the cause much good. Let us banish fear. We have been in this mental state for three centuries. I am a radical. I am ready to act, if I can find brave men to help me. He worked to preserve the history of African Americans and accumulated a collection of thousands of artifacts and publications.
He noted that African-American contributions "were overlooked, ignored, and even suppressed by the writers of history textbooks and the teachers who use them. In the face of widespread disillusionment felt in black America caused by the "Red Summer", Carter worked hard to improve the understanding of black history, later writing "I have made every sacrifice for this movement.
I have spent all my time doing this one thing and trying to do it efficiently". In the final analysis, this work must be done by Negroes The point here is rather that Negroes have the advantage of being able to think black". Colleagues[ edit ] Woodson believed in self-reliance and racial respect, values he shared with Marcus Garvey , a Jamaican activist who worked in New York.
He corresponded with W. Du Bois , John E. Harrison , and T. Thomas Fortune , among others. Even with the extended duties of the Association, Woodson was able to write academic works such as The History of the Negro Church , The Mis-Education of the Negro , and others which continue to have wide readership.
Woodson did not shy away from controversial subjects, and used the pages of Black World to contribute to debates. He summarized that "the West Indian Negro is free", and observed that West Indian societies had been more successful at properly dedicating the necessary amounts of time and resources needed to educate and genuinely emancipate people.
Woodson approved of efforts by West Indians to include materials related to Black history and culture into their school curricula. At the time, these educators felt that it was wrong to teach or understand African-American history as separate from more general American history. According to these educators, "Negroes" were simply Americans, darker skinned, but with no history apart from that of any other.
His determination to further the recognition of the Negro in American and world history, however, inspired countless other scholars. Woodson remained focused on his work throughout his life. Many see him as a man of vision and understanding. Although Woodson was among the ranks of the educated few, he did not feel particularly sentimental about elite educational institutions.
This enabled publication of books concerning blacks that might not have been supported in the rest of the market. He created the Negro History Bulletin, developed for teachers in elementary and high school grades, and published continuously since He wrote numerous articles, monographs and books on Blacks. The Negro in Our History reached its 11th edition in , when it had sold more than 90, copies.
Honors and tributes[ edit ] The Carter G. Woodson Book Award was established in "for the most distinguished social science books appropriate for young readers that depict ethnicity in the United States. Postal Service issued a cent stamp honoring Woodson in Woodson had donated his collection of 5, items from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries to the Library.
Woodson on his list of Greatest African Americans. Woodson Elementary School in Los Angeles. Carter G. Woodson Public Charter School in Fresno. Woodson Park, in Oakland Park. Woodson Elementary School was located in Oakland Park. It was closed in when the Broward County Public Schools system was desegregated.
Woodson Elementary School in Jacksonville.
Carter G. Woodson
Carter Woodson explains how African Americans can feel out of place as they are subjected to despise themselves within the given educational system. This problem could possibly be avoided if African Americans had equal opportunity to learn about their culture and black history. Woodson believed that African Americans should experience different means of education to develop and show their individual skills rather than to be educated practically. He also shows how black teachers are often no help in fixing the problem as they continue to teach white-washed versions of history to the future generations of students. Woodson believes that equal education opportunities have an effect on individuals and the life that they create for themselves. He also encourages African Americans to create better opportunities in many aspects for themselves so they can live better lives. According to Woodson, some of the things educated black people are doing instead of supporting the black church are switching to predominantly white denominations, or not attending church altogether.
The Mis-Education of the Negro Quotes