Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction: Hyperglycemia is a serious health problem prevailing in diabetes patients. Treatment for hyperglycemia by various oral anti-hyperglycemic drugs have associated with side effects, hence there is growing awareness towards the use of herbal products due to their efficacy, minimal side effects and relatively low costs. This study is designed to evaluate anti-hyperglycemic activity of Caralluma umbellata Haw, which is used as a traditional medicinal plant all over India through in vitro studies. Methods: Methanolic, aqueous and hydro methanolic extracts of Caralluma umbellata were prepared and studied for their anti hyperglycemic activity.
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India Description Caralluma umbellata is an erect, succulent plant up to 12 inches 30 cm tall, with flowers in terminal umbels. The stems and branches are green and 4-angled. The leaves are borne along the angles, falling off and leaving scars. They are asymmetric, long-pointed and with narrowed base. The flowers are purple with cross stripes and borne in terminal umbel. The fruit is a cylindrical seedpod, green, with small, dark spot, hooked at apex and paired.
The seed are flattened, broadly margined, with silky, white hairs. Environment Caralluma speciosa is relatively easy to grow. It needs regular watering, especially during the hottest summer days; Either excessive or very scarce watering can induce rot. Freezing temperatures are fatal. Full sun to half sun. It has a great advantage if grown in very strong light, but sheltered from full sun. Provide very good ventilation Landscape Uses Makes an attractive landscape plant and or container patio plant where some height is needed, being an attractive accent plant, Suited for window sill.