ASTROCARYUM STANDLEYANUM PDF

Central America to Ecuador W of the Andes, to m elevation, but usually at lower altitudes, in non-inundated areas. Distribution in Ecuador. Common in somewhat seasonal, tropical moist forest in W Ecuador. Borchsenius, F. Description Habit: solitary, petiole armed. In Ecuador fruits are consumed locally and fibers from young leaves are used commercially for hats, hammocks, mats and furniture.

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Description[ edit ] This palm grows to up 15 [7] to 20 meters tall. The leaf stalks and leaf edges [4] and the peduncles bearing the fruit clusters have smaller spines. It has many leaflets arranged irregularly, clustered and angled. The trunk is patterned with the marks of leaves that have fallen away. The spines are distributed between these leaf scars on the trunk. The cluster is a hanging spadix , which contains about fruits in optimal conditions.

In leaner times a spadix might have only or so. The fruit is made up of a seed up to 3 centimeters wide coated in pulpy, orange flesh. One fruit weighs about 25 grams. It is constantly interested in its caches and often digs up the seeds to rebury them elsewhere. One agouti will commonly rob the cache of another, transporting the seeds to new locations.

Researchers tracking cached seeds saw one seed moved 36 times before being eaten. The behavior is known as scatter-hoarding. This helps distribute the palm throughout the forest.

Other human uses for the plant include wood for walking sticks , bows , and fishing rods. They are used to make furniture , [15] pitchers , plates , trays , coasters , vases , bags , hats , jewelry and accessories , hammocks , and fishing nets. Sometimes, though, the trees are cut down, a more destructive practice. Some local people grow plots of the palm on their land next to their crops.

Instead of cutting down a tree, a harvester may use a media luna, a long pole with a curved blade at the end, to remove leaves. The fibers are washed and sun-dried, then sometimes dyed with extracts of other plants, bleached with sulphur , or buried in mud to darken them. Most are sold locally or at nearby bazaars or shipped internationally. There is a massive world market for handcrafted plant-fiber products, with Japan and the United States major importers. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Herbarium.

Oxford University Press. Need versus availability of the Astrocaryum standleyanum palm and strategies for future sustainable management in the Ipeti Embera territory, eastern Panama. Paper Retrieved 25 January Trees of Panama and Costa Rica. Princeton University Press.

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Astrocaryum standleyanum

Description[ edit ] This palm grows to up 15 [7] to 20 meters tall. The leaf stalks and leaf edges [4] and the peduncles bearing the fruit clusters have smaller spines. It has many leaflets arranged irregularly, clustered and angled. The trunk is patterned with the marks of leaves that have fallen away. The spines are distributed between these leaf scars on the trunk.

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Astrocaryum standleyanum explained

It is most common in central Panama , even becoming "abundant" in the tropical forests around the Panama Canal , but in general it is not a common plant. The leaf stalks and leaf edges [4] and the peduncles bearing the fruit clusters have smaller spines. It has many leaflets arranged irregularly, clustered and angled. The trunk is patterned with the marks of leaves that have fallen away. The spines are distributed between these leaf scars on the trunk.

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