ASTM E384 10E2 PDF

More E Hardness, although empirical in nature, can be correlated to tensile strength for many metals, and is an indicator of wear resistance and ductility. Microindentation hardness tests also allow specific phases or constituents and regions or gradients too small for macroindentation hardness testing to be evaluated. Recommendations for microindentation testing can be found in Test Method E

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More E Hardness, although empirical in nature, can be correlated to tensile strength for many metals, and is an indicator of wear resistance and ductility. Microindentation hardness tests also allow specific phases or constituents and regions or gradients too small for macroindentation hardness testing to be evaluated. Recommendations for microindentation testing can be found in Test Method E For isotropic materials, the two diagonals of a Vickers indentation are equal in length.

This rise in hardness number with lower test forces is often more significant when testing higher hardness materials, and is increasingly more significant when using test forces below 50 gf see Test Method E Hence, the Knoop hardness test is very useful for evaluating hardness gradients since Knoop indentations can be made closer together than Vickers indentations by orienting the Knoop indentations with the short diagonals in the direction of the hardness gradient.

Scope 1. This standard provides the requirements for Vickers and Knoop hardness machines and the procedures for performing Vickers and Knoop hardness tests. However, because of the historical precedent and continued common usage, force values in gf and kgf units are provided for information and much of the discussion in this standard as well as the method of reporting the test results refers to these units.

Today, the hardness numbers are internationally defined in terms of SI units, that is, the test force in Newtons N. However, in practice, the most commonly used force units are kilogram-force kgf and gram-force gf.

When Newton units of force are used, the force must be divided by the conversion factor 9. The significant differences between the two tests are the geometries of the respective indenters, the method of calculation of the hardness numbers, and that Vickers hardness may be used at higher force levels than Knoop hardness.

Other materials may require special considerations, for example see C and C for ceramic testing. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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ASTM E384:10e2

A can be determined by the formula. The moment new editions of the standards you monitor are released, changes are made, or appendixes are published, you will be alerted by email. NOTE 10e22 versions of this standard limited test forces to 9. No items in cart.

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ASTM E384 10E2 PDF

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