ALEXANDRE BENNIGSEN PDF

Born in St. Petersburg, the son of Count Bennigsen, a colonel of the Horse Guards who fought on the side of the Whites during the Russian Civil War, he was taken out of Russia by his parents in After two years in newly independent Estonia, his family settled in Paris in , where young Bennigsen received his education. Bennigsen subsequently entered the prestigious cavalry school at Saumur, fought the Germans as an officer in the French army during World War II and, after the fall of France, became a captain in the resistance movement.

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Bennigsen was born in St Petersburg in After the Bolshevik Revolution , his family left Russia for Estonia in and settled in Paris in , where he studied at the Ecole des Langues Orientales. Bennigsen also taught at various American universities, including the University of Chicago and the University of Wisconsin—Madison. Bennigsen believed that the Muslims of the Soviet Union effectively resisted Sovietization, maintaining a distinctive identity within the Union. He also attributed a political role to Islam, arguing that even though most Soviet Muslims probably knew little of actual Islamic religious practice they retained a strong cultural knowledge.

The latter view was current among social scientists, who believed that Soviet social engineering had largely eradicated any sense of being Muslim amongst the historically Islamic people of the Russian empire. Bennigsen appeared prescient when the Soviet Union began to crumble, and especially in its aftermath.

Events supported his belief that Soviet Muslims had retained their Islamic identity, though not a solid knowledge of Islamic practice, despite having been cut off from the larger Islamic world since the s. However, his influence as a cold war strategists influenced US covert activity in the area. Bennigsen influenced the Polish born American diplomat Zbigniew Brzezinski , when the latter set up the Nationalities Working Group as an interdepartmental organisation bringing together people from the CIA , the Pentagon and the State Department under the leadership of Paul B.

These included, prominently, S. Goble, the founder and editor of Window on Eurasia. Marie Bennigsen-Broxup , his daughter, was a well-known scholar on Central Asia.

Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: a revolutionary strategy for the colonial world, Chicago, , coauthored with S. Enders Wimbush. Muslims of the Soviet Empire. With Marie Broxup. Rimvydas S. Retrieved 16 October

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Alexandre Bennigsen

Flowers Russian Count. Scholar of Soviet Islam, an considered the "father" of a school of students of nationality issues in the former Soviet Union and in the states formed in its aftermath. He was born in St. Petersburg, the son of Count Bennigsen, a colonel of the Horse Guards who fought on the side of the Whites during the Russian Civil War, he was taken out of Russia by his parents in After two years in newly independent Estonia, his family settled in Paris in , where young Bennigsen received his education.

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Alexandre Adamovich Bennigsen

Biography[ edit ] Bennigsen was born on 10 February into a Hanoverian noble family in Braunschweig English toponym: Brunswick. George of the Third Degree and an estate in Minsk guberniya. Tsar Alexander I made him governor-general of Lithuania in , and in a general of cavalry. This brought him the Order of St.

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